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工业4.0是近两年比较火的一个概念,是德国对工业转型的整体思路。企业经营模式的变化必然会要求管理方式的变化,人力资源作为企业管理的一个环节,自然也必须有相应的改变。

既然工业4.0是制造型企业的一种重要发展趋势,那么会对企业的人力资源管理产生什么样的影响呢?这里笔者简单谈一下自己的认识。

一、工业4.0的特点及对人力资源的影响

博客来棋牌 QISHIGONGYE4.0BINGBUSHENMI,RUTONGJIUSHINIANDAICHUANTONGZHIZAOXINGQIYEJIEZHUWANGLUOHEXINXIHUASHIXIANLEZHUANXINGFAZHANYIYANG,XIANZAIDEGONGYE4.0BENZHIYEZHISHICHUANTONGGONGYEJIEZHUXIANDAIKEJISHIXIANNEIBUZHIZAO、XIAOSHOUDENGHUANJIEDEBIANGE。TADETEDIANHUIRUCIYINGXIANGQIYEDERENLIZIYUANZHUANGKUANG:

1、机器智能化制造会降低低端人员的比重。

GONGYE4.0DESHOUYAOTEDIANJIUSHIJIQIDEZHINENGHUAZHIZAO,JIQIJIANGHUIJINYIBUQUDAISHENGCHANYIXIANDERENLEI,SUOYIJINJINCHONGDANGJIXIEBEIZUOYONGDEDIDUANZHIZAORENYUANDEBIZHONGHUIJINYIBUXIAJIANG,SHENGCHANXIANSHANGZUIZHONGLIUXIALAIDEDOUSHIDONGDEJIQIYUANLI、NENGWEIHUJIQIDEZHONGGAOJIJIGONGRENCAI。ZHINENGHUAHEXINXIHUATONGYANGHUIJIANSHAOZHINENG、FUWURENYUANDEBIZHONG,YINCIQIYEDERENCAIBIZHONGJIANGHUIGENGJIACEZHONGYUQIYEDEHEXINRENQUN。

2、网络与实物连接将促进管理的精细化。

WULIANWANGSHIGONGYE4.0DEYIGEZHONGYAOTEZHENG,JIURUTONGKUAIDIGENZONGZAIWULIANWANGDEBANGZHUXIAYUELAIYUEJINGXIYIYANG。ZAI“WANWUHULIAN”DESIXIANGXIA,SHENGCHANWULIAOJIANGCHANSHENGPEITAODEXINXILIU,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGNAIZHIHOUXUGENZONGJIANGGENGJIAKEJIANKONG,YUANGONGDEGONGZUOGUOCHENGHEJIEGUOJIANGGENGJIARONGYIBEIJIANCE,GUANLIJUBEILEJINGXIHUADEJICHU。

3、柔性化制造将冲击企业管理的稳定性。

ROUXINGHUAZHIZAOSHIGONGYE4.0DELINGYIGEZHONGYAOTEDIAN,YOUYUZHIZAODEXINXIHUA、WULIAODEBIAOQIANHUA,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGJIANGGENGJIAYIYUGENZONG,YINCIROUXINGHUAZHIZAODECHENGDUJIANGDAWEIJIAQIANG。XIAOPILIANG、DINGZHIHUADEZHIZAOJIANGGENGJIAPUBIAN,YUCIXIANGPEITAODESHIGONGZUOXIAOZUFANGSHIJIANGGENGJIAPUBIAN,GUANLICENGJIJIANGZHUBUJIANSHAO,BIANPINGHUAGUANLIJIANGGENGJIASHENGXING,QIYENEIBUGUANLIGUANXIDEBIANDONGYEHUIJIASU,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUQIYEDEZUZHIBIXUFUYOULINGHUOXINGHERENXING。

4、生产和信息的快速迭代将缩短员工知识更新周期,并要求更广的知识面。

博客来棋牌 YOUYUROUXINGHUAZHIZAODAILAIDESHENGCHANZHONGLEIDEDUOYANGHUAYIJIXIANGMUXIAOZUZHIDEKUAISUBIANDONG,SHENGCHANFANGSHIHEXINXIDOUHUIKUAISUBIANHUA,ZHEIBUJINJIANGYAOQIUYUANGONGNENGKUAISUXUEXIDAOXINDEZHISHI,YEYAOQIUYUANGONGJUYOUJIAOWEIKUANFANDEZHISHIMIAN,YENENGKUAISUSHIYINGBIANHUAZHONGDEQIYE。

二、人力资源相关模块的转型

TONGGUOSHANGSHUFENXI,WOMENKEYIKANDAOGONGYE4.0JIGUANLIFANGSHIDAILAIDEZHIJIEBIANHUAZHUYAOZAIYURENYUANJIEGOU、JINGXIHUAGUANLI、ZUZHIJIEGOU、YUANGONGFAZHANSIGEFANGMIAN。NEIMEXIANGGUANDEMOKUAIRUHELAIYINGDUIZHEIXIEBIANHUANI?

博客来棋牌 (YI)ZUZHIJIEGOUJINYIBUBIANPINGHUA,TUIGUANGXIANGMUXIAOZUSHIGONGZUOFANGSHI。ZHEIZHONGZUZHIJIEGOUDEBIANHUAJIANGJINYIBUZENGQIANGZUZHIJIEGOUDELINGHUOXING,YISHIYINGROUXINGHUAZHIZAOSUOYAOQIUDEKUAISUBIANHUA。

(ER)ZHUZHONGGAOPINDUXIAOQIANGDUDEPEIXUN、GONGZUOLUNHUANHEGONGZUOGANGWEIKUODAHUA,CUJINYUANGONGDEZIWOTISHENG,TISHENGYUANGONGDUIYUGONGZUODERENTONGDU。WOMENZAIXINWENZHONGJINGCHANGKANDAOSHUOXIANZAIDENIANQINGRENBUYUANYIQUCONGSHIYIWANGLAOYIBEINONGMINGONGZANGLEIDEGONGZUO,QISHIZHEISHISHIDAIDEBIRAN,DANGNIANQINGYIDAIZAIWUZHIXIANGDUIFUYUDEHUANJINGZHONGSHENGZHANG,QIZIRANERRANDEHUIGENGDUODEGUANZHUZUNYAN、SHENGHUOZHILIANG、ZISHENJIAZHI,QIPINGDENGYISHIHEQUANLIYISHIJIANGGENGJIAQIANGLIE。SUOYI,QIYEDECELVEYEBIXUZUOXIANGGUANDEDIAOZHENG,GENGJIAQIANGDIAOYUYUANGONGDEHUDONGHEGONGTONGFAZHAN。

(SAN)HEXINRENCAIDEYULIU。SUIZHERENYUANJIEGOUDETISHENG,DANGEYUANGONGPINGJUNCHANZHIJIANGDEDAOJIAODADETIGAO,HEXINYUANGONGDUIYUQIYEDEFAZHANYINGXIANGJIANGGENGDA,YINCIQIYEZAIPEIXUN、JILIDENGFANGMIANJIANGGENGJIAGUANZHU。

(SI)JIANGQIYERENLIZIYUANXINXIHUARONGRUQIYEDEXINXIHUA,TISHENGGONGZUOXIAOLV。ZAIQIYEXINXIHUA、WANGLUOHUADADAJIAQIANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,QIYERENLIZIYUANXINXIHUABUJINYAOJIAQIANG,ERQIEHAIYAOYUQIYEDEXINXIHUAWUFENGRONGHE,CONGXINXIDEYUANTOUBAOZHENGTONGYIXING,JIANGDIXINXIZHUANHUADECHENGBEN,ZHENZHENGTISHENGXINXIHUADEGONGZUOXIAOLV。

三、人力资源三支柱的转型

WEILEGENGHAODELEJIEZHEIZHONGGUANLIFANGSHIDEBIANHUA,ZHEILIJIANGZHUANMENJIANGRENLIZIYUAN(ZHENGCEZHUANJIA(HRCOE),FUWUZHONGXIN(HRSSC),YEWUHUOBAN(HRBP))SANZHIZHUMOXINGNACHULAICHANSHU。

(一)三支柱的基本框架会继续保留。三支柱会保留,因为其符合分权与集权相结合的基本管理思想。在当前企业普遍生产结果多样化的背景下,人力资源对企业经营的职称如果要深入到一线就必然会分权,而从资源共享的角度来看,又必然会将部门职能集中起来最大程度的利用资源,因此三支柱的基本框架会保留。

(二)服务中心(HRSSC)的职能会加强。目前优秀企业的服务中心处理的工作能够达到60%左右,随着企业信息化的加速以及整个社会信息化的加速,企业服务中心对于常规事务的处理能力将会进一步加强,从目前的60%提升至90%的目标将不会遥远。

(SAN)YEWUHUOBAN(HRBP)JIANZHIHUA,HRBPJIANGGENGDUODEYOUYEWUDANYUANCHANSHENG。QIYEGUANLIBIANPINGHUADAILAIDESHIXIAOGUIMOYEWUZUZHIDEJIDAKUOCHONG,TONGSHI,XIAOXINGZUZHINEIDEGUANLIYEWUYEJIANGXIANGYINGJIANSHAO,YINCIZHUANZHIPEIBEIHRBPJIANGWUBIYAO,ERSHITONGGUOYEWUDANYUANXIANGGUANRENYUANJIANZHIDEFANGSHILAISHIXIAN。

(SI)ZHENGCEZHUANJIA(HRCOE)MIANLINDETIAOZHANYIRANJIANGSHIJITUANTONGYIHUAGUANLIYUFENZHIJIGOUGEXINGHUATESHUQINGKUANGDECHONGTU,ZHEIYIRANBUSHIGUANLIWENTI,ERSHIZHEXUEWENTI,ZHIYOUYONGWUSHIDETAIDUHEPINGHENGDEYISHUCAINENGCHULI。

JIUBIZHEKANLAI,SHIYINGHEDIAOZHENGSHIQIYEGUANLIDECHANGTAI,YESHISHEHUIDECHANGTAI。

信息来源:咨询公司

工业4.0下的人力资源转型前瞻

工业4.0是近两年比较火的一个概念,是德国对工业转型的整体思路。企业经营模式的变化必然会要求管理方式的变化,人力资源作为企业管理的一个环节,自然也必须有相应的改变。

既然工业4.0是制造型企业的一种重要发展趋势,那么会对企业的人力资源管理产生什么样的影响呢?这里笔者简单谈一下自己的认识。

一、工业4.0的特点及对人力资源的影响

博客来棋牌 QISHIGONGYE4.0BINGBUSHENMI,RUTONGJIUSHINIANDAICHUANTONGZHIZAOXINGQIYEJIEZHUWANGLUOHEXINXIHUASHIXIANLEZHUANXINGFAZHANYIYANG,XIANZAIDEGONGYE4.0BENZHIYEZHISHICHUANTONGGONGYEJIEZHUXIANDAIKEJISHIXIANNEIBUZHIZAO、XIAOSHOUDENGHUANJIEDEBIANGE。TADETEDIANHUIRUCIYINGXIANGQIYEDERENLIZIYUANZHUANGKUANG:

1、机器智能化制造会降低低端人员的比重。

GONGYE4.0DESHOUYAOTEDIANJIUSHIJIQIDEZHINENGHUAZHIZAO,JIQIJIANGHUIJINYIBUQUDAISHENGCHANYIXIANDERENLEI,SUOYIJINJINCHONGDANGJIXIEBEIZUOYONGDEDIDUANZHIZAORENYUANDEBIZHONGHUIJINYIBUXIAJIANG,SHENGCHANXIANSHANGZUIZHONGLIUXIALAIDEDOUSHIDONGDEJIQIYUANLI、NENGWEIHUJIQIDEZHONGGAOJIJIGONGRENCAI。ZHINENGHUAHEXINXIHUATONGYANGHUIJIANSHAOZHINENG、FUWURENYUANDEBIZHONG,YINCIQIYEDERENCAIBIZHONGJIANGHUIGENGJIACEZHONGYUQIYEDEHEXINRENQUN。

2、网络与实物连接将促进管理的精细化。

博客来棋牌 WULIANWANGSHIGONGYE4.0DEYIGEZHONGYAOTEZHENG,JIURUTONGKUAIDIGENZONGZAIWULIANWANGDEBANGZHUXIAYUELAIYUEJINGXIYIYANG。ZAI“WANWUHULIAN”DESIXIANGXIA,SHENGCHANWULIAOJIANGCHANSHENGPEITAODEXINXILIU,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGNAIZHIHOUXUGENZONGJIANGGENGJIAKEJIANKONG,YUANGONGDEGONGZUOGUOCHENGHEJIEGUOJIANGGENGJIARONGYIBEIJIANCE,GUANLIJUBEILEJINGXIHUADEJICHU。

3、柔性化制造将冲击企业管理的稳定性。

博客来棋牌 ROUXINGHUAZHIZAOSHIGONGYE4.0DELINGYIGEZHONGYAOTEDIAN,YOUYUZHIZAODEXINXIHUA、WULIAODEBIAOQIANHUA,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGJIANGGENGJIAYIYUGENZONG,YINCIROUXINGHUAZHIZAODECHENGDUJIANGDAWEIJIAQIANG。XIAOPILIANG、DINGZHIHUADEZHIZAOJIANGGENGJIAPUBIAN,YUCIXIANGPEITAODESHIGONGZUOXIAOZUFANGSHIJIANGGENGJIAPUBIAN,GUANLICENGJIJIANGZHUBUJIANSHAO,BIANPINGHUAGUANLIJIANGGENGJIASHENGXING,QIYENEIBUGUANLIGUANXIDEBIANDONGYEHUIJIASU,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUQIYEDEZUZHIBIXUFUYOULINGHUOXINGHERENXING。

4、生产和信息的快速迭代将缩短员工知识更新周期,并要求更广的知识面。

YOUYUROUXINGHUAZHIZAODAILAIDESHENGCHANZHONGLEIDEDUOYANGHUAYIJIXIANGMUXIAOZUZHIDEKUAISUBIANDONG,SHENGCHANFANGSHIHEXINXIDOUHUIKUAISUBIANHUA,ZHEIBUJINJIANGYAOQIUYUANGONGNENGKUAISUXUEXIDAOXINDEZHISHI,YEYAOQIUYUANGONGJUYOUJIAOWEIKUANFANDEZHISHIMIAN,YENENGKUAISUSHIYINGBIANHUAZHONGDEQIYE。

二、人力资源相关模块的转型

TONGGUOSHANGSHUFENXI,WOMENKEYIKANDAOGONGYE4.0JIGUANLIFANGSHIDAILAIDEZHIJIEBIANHUAZHUYAOZAIYURENYUANJIEGOU、JINGXIHUAGUANLI、ZUZHIJIEGOU、YUANGONGFAZHANSIGEFANGMIAN。NEIMEXIANGGUANDEMOKUAIRUHELAIYINGDUIZHEIXIEBIANHUANI?

(YI)ZUZHIJIEGOUJINYIBUBIANPINGHUA,TUIGUANGXIANGMUXIAOZUSHIGONGZUOFANGSHI。ZHEIZHONGZUZHIJIEGOUDEBIANHUAJIANGJINYIBUZENGQIANGZUZHIJIEGOUDELINGHUOXING,YISHIYINGROUXINGHUAZHIZAOSUOYAOQIUDEKUAISUBIANHUA。

博客来棋牌 (ER)ZHUZHONGGAOPINDUXIAOQIANGDUDEPEIXUN、GONGZUOLUNHUANHEGONGZUOGANGWEIKUODAHUA,CUJINYUANGONGDEZIWOTISHENG,TISHENGYUANGONGDUIYUGONGZUODERENTONGDU。WOMENZAIXINWENZHONGJINGCHANGKANDAOSHUOXIANZAIDENIANQINGRENBUYUANYIQUCONGSHIYIWANGLAOYIBEINONGMINGONGZANGLEIDEGONGZUO,QISHIZHEISHISHIDAIDEBIRAN,DANGNIANQINGYIDAIZAIWUZHIXIANGDUIFUYUDEHUANJINGZHONGSHENGZHANG,QIZIRANERRANDEHUIGENGDUODEGUANZHUZUNYAN、SHENGHUOZHILIANG、ZISHENJIAZHI,QIPINGDENGYISHIHEQUANLIYISHIJIANGGENGJIAQIANGLIE。SUOYI,QIYEDECELVEYEBIXUZUOXIANGGUANDEDIAOZHENG,GENGJIAQIANGDIAOYUYUANGONGDEHUDONGHEGONGTONGFAZHAN。

博客来棋牌 (SAN)HEXINRENCAIDEYULIU。SUIZHERENYUANJIEGOUDETISHENG,DANGEYUANGONGPINGJUNCHANZHIJIANGDEDAOJIAODADETIGAO,HEXINYUANGONGDUIYUQIYEDEFAZHANYINGXIANGJIANGGENGDA,YINCIQIYEZAIPEIXUN、JILIDENGFANGMIANJIANGGENGJIAGUANZHU。

(SI)JIANGQIYERENLIZIYUANXINXIHUARONGRUQIYEDEXINXIHUA,TISHENGGONGZUOXIAOLV。ZAIQIYEXINXIHUA、WANGLUOHUADADAJIAQIANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,QIYERENLIZIYUANXINXIHUABUJINYAOJIAQIANG,ERQIEHAIYAOYUQIYEDEXINXIHUAWUFENGRONGHE,CONGXINXIDEYUANTOUBAOZHENGTONGYIXING,JIANGDIXINXIZHUANHUADECHENGBEN,ZHENZHENGTISHENGXINXIHUADEGONGZUOXIAOLV。

三、人力资源三支柱的转型

博客来棋牌 WEILEGENGHAODELEJIEZHEIZHONGGUANLIFANGSHIDEBIANHUA,ZHEILIJIANGZHUANMENJIANGRENLIZIYUAN(ZHENGCEZHUANJIA(HRCOE),FUWUZHONGXIN(HRSSC),YEWUHUOBAN(HRBP))SANZHIZHUMOXINGNACHULAICHANSHU。

(一)三支柱的基本框架会继续保留。三支柱会保留,因为其符合分权与集权相结合的基本管理思想。在当前企业普遍生产结果多样化的背景下,人力资源对企业经营的职称如果要深入到一线就必然会分权,而从资源共享的角度来看,又必然会将部门职能集中起来最大程度的利用资源,因此三支柱的基本框架会保留。

(二)服务中心(HRSSC)的职能会加强。目前优秀企业的服务中心处理的工作能够达到60%左右,随着企业信息化的加速以及整个社会信息化的加速,企业服务中心对于常规事务的处理能力将会进一步加强,从目前的60%提升至90%的目标将不会遥远。

(SAN)YEWUHUOBAN(HRBP)JIANZHIHUA,HRBPJIANGGENGDUODEYOUYEWUDANYUANCHANSHENG。QIYEGUANLIBIANPINGHUADAILAIDESHIXIAOGUIMOYEWUZUZHIDEJIDAKUOCHONG,TONGSHI,XIAOXINGZUZHINEIDEGUANLIYEWUYEJIANGXIANGYINGJIANSHAO,YINCIZHUANZHIPEIBEIHRBPJIANGWUBIYAO,ERSHITONGGUOYEWUDANYUANXIANGGUANRENYUANJIANZHIDEFANGSHILAISHIXIAN。

(SI)ZHENGCEZHUANJIA(HRCOE)MIANLINDETIAOZHANYIRANJIANGSHIJITUANTONGYIHUAGUANLIYUFENZHIJIGOUGEXINGHUATESHUQINGKUANGDECHONGTU,ZHEIYIRANBUSHIGUANLIWENTI,ERSHIZHEXUEWENTI,ZHIYOUYONGWUSHIDETAIDUHEPINGHENGDEYISHUCAINENGCHULI。

JIUBIZHEKANLAI,SHIYINGHEDIAOZHENGSHIQIYEGUANLIDECHANGTAI,YESHISHEHUIDECHANGTAI。

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